Philosophy 134: Philosophy of Language
Warren Lecture Hall 2207
Instructor: Jonathan Cohen
(joncohen AT aardvark DOT ucsd DOT edu)
office: (858) 534 6812
Office hours: Tu10-11:30 in H&SS 8072.
This course is an introduction to the philosophy of language. Philosophy
of language concerns quite a large number of topics, including meaning,
truth, content, reference, the syntax and semantics of various linguistic
constructions, the nature and role of presupposition in communicative
interchange, speech acts, figurative uses of language, questions about
the ontology of languages, the epistemology of language understanding
and language learning, the mental/psychological basis of linguistic
understanding and use, and so on.
Since we can't possibly study all of these topics, we'll focus our
energy on topics that are most central in recent philosophical work on
language, and that have far-reaching consequences for other topics in
philosophy of language and other areas of philosophy.
In particular, we'll be concentrating on philosophical attempts to
understand reference and meaning.
Those taking the class for credit are expected to hand in three short (5-7)
There will be one assignment corresponding to each of our four course
Only the final paper is mandatory for everyone, since it is your final
exam (see below).
Apart from that one, you'll be asked to write two of the other three
papers (your choice which two).
Putting it all together, then, you'll write three papers for the
I shall hand out a list of topics for the papers before each is due.
Grades will be determined on the basis of the three papers, and I'll
use class participation as a way of deciding borderline cases.
As remarked above, the paper corresponding to the fourth segment
will count as your final exam: it will be due on 8 December 2011 at
6:00pm (this is the officially assigned day and time of exam week),
so that you'll have plenty of time after the end of official course
instruction to complete it.
There will be no midterm for the course.
There is one required text for the course: Peter Ludlow's Readings in
the Philosophy of Language (MIT Press, 1997). This book is, I'm told,
available in the UCSD bookstore.
This schedule is tentative in both its content and its timing; I reserve
the right to add, subtract, or reschedule items as the course progresses.
Readings marked with a '*' are available on electronic reserve at
Giesel Library; all others are in the Ludlow anthology.
Note that we will not meet for class on Thursday 29 September
in observance of Rosh Hashana.
Segment 1 (weeks 1-3): Quine and Logical Empiricism
Segment 2 (weeks 4-6): Frege on Sense and Reference
- Frege, "On Sense and Reference"
- Frege, "The Thought"
Segment 3 (weeks 7-8): Definite Descriptions
- Russell, "Descriptions"
- Strawson, "On Referring"
- Donellan, "Reference and Definite Descriptions"
- Kripke, "Speaker's Reference and Semantic Reference"
Segment 4 (weeks 9-10): Causal and Description Theories of
Searle, "Proper Names"
- Kripke, "Naming and Necessity"
Writing philosophy is difficult, and doing it well takes time and
As this is an upper level philosophy course, I assume you've had some
practice already, and you'll get more of it soon!
In addition, you may find it useful to consult some of
Jim Pryor's excellent tips on
Obviously, these materials are not designed for our writing
assignments in particular, but the advice given is generally sound
I can't emphasize enough the importance of starting your writing
The process of writing -- even if only starting with a half-baked idea --
will help you crystalize your thoughts and get clear on what you do
and don't understand.
That, in turn, will tell you what you need to do next to refine your
Also, starting early allows you the (necessary) luxury of setting out,
reconsidering, revising, and developing lines of thought.
And if there's something in the course that you don't understand,
come see me about it.
Getting the issue cleared up sooner rather than later means that it
won't create other problems for you, and will allow you more time to
enjoy the warm glow of understanding.
This is why God invented office hours.
You've paid your tuition, so don't let material go over your head;
come and get the education you deserve!