Where: Philosophy seminar room (H&SS 7077)
When: Fridays 1-3:50
Instructor: Jonathan Cohen
'joncohen' followed by the at sign, followed by 'aardvark.ucsd.edu'
office: (858) 534 6812
Office hours: Tuesdays 10-11:30, in H&SS 8072 (and by appointment; please feel free to call/email)
It is a familiar and relatively uncontroversial observation that utterances of linguistic expressions routinely convey more than what those expressions mean -- in particular, more than they semantically or truth-conditionally encode. Thus, just to give a couple of banal examples, "Can you pass the salt?" ordinarily conveys a request that the salt be passed to the speaker; "I ate some of your cookies" conveys that I did not eat all of your cookies; and "Jack fell down and broke his crown" conveys that Jack's falling preceded and caused Jack's crown breaking.
Papers: Students taking the course for credit will be asked to write papers for the course; but there are two different formats that that could take.The first option involves writing shortish, weekly homework papers. Students electing this option will have to do all of the homework assignments (I predict there will 7-8 of them), but won't be asked to write a term paper at the end of the quarter. The second option is to write a traditional (circa 15 page) term paper at the end of the quarter on some issue raised during the quarter and (mandatorily) discussed with me by the 7th week of the quarter. Advantages of the first option: it is a low-risk way of getting acquainted with the material, and makes receiving an incomplete for the course unlikely. Advantages of the second option: it allows you the opportunity to dig more deeply into some issue that you care about, and you'll end up with a stand-alone philosophical paper of which you can be proud.
|4 April||Organization||Larry Horn, "Implicature" in L.R. Horn & G. Ward, eds. Handbook of Pragmatics||Jonathan|
|11 April||Introduction to pragmatics||Richard Montague, "Pragmatics," in R. Klibansky (ed.) Contemporary Philosophy - La philosophie contemporaine, vol. 1, Florence: La Nuova Italia Editrice, pp. 102-22. Robert Stalnaker, "Pragmatics", Sections I-II; in Davidson and Harman (eds.) 1972, Semantics for Natural Language, Dordrecht: Reidel, pp. 380-97. Hans Kamp, "Formal Properties of 'Now'", Theoria 37:227-274 (1971); Intro and Section I||Weltman (Montague), Namboodiripad (Stalnaker), Pittman (Kamp)|
|18 April||Ur-texts in pragmatics||Grice, "Logic and Conversation" Lewis, "Scorekeeping in a language game" Journal of Philosophical Logic, 8(3):339-359 (1979)||Blume (Grice), Greene (Lewis)|
|25 April||Class cancelled|
|2 May||Neo-Griceanism||Levinson, S. (2000). Presumptive meanings: The theory of generalized conversational implicature. MIT Press. (Introduction and Chapter 1). Horn, Laurence (1984). Toward a new taxonomy for pragmatic inference: Q-based and R-based implicature. In Deborah Schiffrin (ed.), Meaning, Form, and Use in Context: Linguistic Applications (GURT '84), 11-42. Washington: Georgetown University Press.||Tracy (Horn), Tracz (Levinson)|
|9 May||Anti-Gricean Challenges||Davis, W. A. (1998). Implicature: Intention, Convention, and Principle in the Failure of Gricean Theory, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ch1-2 Jennifer Saul, Review of Davis, Nous||Greene (Davis, ch1), Namboodiripad (Davis, ch2), Rosner (Saul)|
|16 May||Relevance theory, I||D. Sperber and D. Wilson Relevance: Communication and Cognition, ch3-4||Finley (ch3), Pittman (ch4)|
|23 May||Relevance theory, II||Robyn Carston, "Implicature, Explicature, and Truth-Theoretic Semantics" Saul, J. (2002). What is said and psychological reality: Grice's project and relevance theorists' criticisms. Linguistics and Philosophy, 25, 347-372.||Olson (Cartson), Tracz (Saul)|
|30 May||Impliciture, Primary pragmatic processes, etc.||Kent Bach, "Conversational Impliciture" F. Recanati, Direct Reference, ch 13-14 F. Recanati, Literal Meaning, ch 2||Barai (Bach), Speitel ("Direct Reference"), Weltman ("Literal Meaning")|
|6 June||The semantics/pragmatics interface||Recanati, F. Does linguistic communication rest on inference? Mind & Language, 17, 105-126. Horn, L. (2005). "The Border Wars: A neo-Gricean Perspective" In K. Turner & K. von Heusinger (eds.), Where Semantics Meets Pragmatics. Elsevier, 2005. [S. Davis (ed) Pragmatics - a Reader]||Blume (Recanati), Olson (Horn)|
|13 June?||Philosophical applications||Philosophical applications Soames, S. (1987). "Direct reference, propositional attitudes, and Semantic Content", Philosophical Topics 15: 47-87 Kripke (1977). "Speaker Reference and Semantic Reference" Midwest Studies in Philosophy||Speitel (Soames)|